On February 14, 1994 the Republic of Tajikistan became a member of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and also acceded to a number of international treaties and conventions.

What is WIPO?

The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is an international organization that administers a number of key conventions and agreements in the field of intellectual property. First the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works and the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property. Since 1974, WIPO has served as a specialized agency of the United Nations in matters of creativity and intellectual property.

WIPO members currently number 184 or more than 90% of the world’s countries. The WIPO Secretariat (or International Bureau) is based in Geneva, Switzerland, and has staff from 90 countries.

WIPO is the oldest international organization in the field of intellectual property protection. In practice, in 1983, the organization merged the two bureaus performing the administrative functions of the Paris Conventions (for the Protection of Industrial Property) and Bern (for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works) into an institution called BIRPI (United Intellectual Property Office). ) is formed.


  • Paris Convention for the protection of industrial property;
  • Berne Convention for the protection of literary and artistic works;
  • Madrid Agreement on the registration of trademarks;
  • Contract on patent cooperation;
  • Agreement on commercial aspects of industrial property rights;
  • Eurasian patent convention, Singapore treaty on trademark law;
  • Nairobi contract on the protection of the olympic symbol;
  • The Budapest contract for the international recognition of the deposit of microorganisms for patenting purposes;
  • The Hague Agreement on the international registration of industrial designs;
  • Lisbon agreement on the protection of the list of their place of origin and international registration;
  • Protocol to the Madrid agreement concerning the international registration of marks;
  • Contract on the patent cooperation  (CPC);
  • Locarno agreement on the establishment of an international classification of industrial designs;
  • Nietzsche agreement on international classification of goods and services for trademark registration;
  •  Strasbourg agreement on international patent classification;
  • Vienna agreement on the establishment of an international classification of descriptive elements;
  • Interdepartmental cooperation
  • The Republic of Tajikistan has been a member of the Eurasian patent Convention since August 12, 1995.

What is a EAPO?

The Eurasian patent Organization (EAPO) is an international organization established to carry out administrative tasks related to the functioning of the Eurasian patent system. Its members are countries that were formerly part of the Soviet Union. Russian is the official language of the Organization.

The headquarters of the EAPO is located in Moscow, Russian Federation.

The members of the Organization are 8 countries that have ratified the Eurasian patent Convention:

Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan. Previously, nine countries were members of the EAPO, but on April 26, 2012, Moldova was exited from the organization.

The bodies of the Organization are the Administrative and Administrative Board of the Eurasian patent office (IPAO). The IPAO is headed by the president, who is the highest-ranking EAPO official.

The Eurasian patent Convention facilitates and simplifies the process of obtaining a security document in all member states of the Convention: one Eurasian application in one language (Russian) – one examination – a single Eurasian patent in the territory of many former Soviet republics (Tajikistan) along with a number of other countries, was signed on 9 September 1994 and entered into force in August 1995).

On April 14, 1995, the Founder of peace and national unity, Leader of the nation, President of the Republic of Tajikistan, His Exellency Emomali Rahmon signed a form on accession of the Republic of Tajikistan to the Eurasian patent Convention.

What is EAPO?

The Eurasian patent Office (EAPO) is the executive body of the Eurasian patent Office. “The Eurasian Office performs all administrative functions of the Organization and is the Secretariat of the Organization.”

The EAPO is headed by the president of the Eurasian patent organization EAPO, who is the first person.

The President of the EAPO determines its structure and appoints the staff. He is responsible for the activities of the EAPO under the Administrative Council and has a wide range of powers, including:

adoption of all measures in line with the activities of the EAPO, including the publication of regulations;

provide feedback to the Administrative Council on the amendment of the EAPO and other normative acts of the EAPO;

preparation of the EAPO budget plan and implementation of the budget after its adoption;

submission of annual reports on the organization’s activities and annual reports to the Administrative Council;

implementation of the management of the EAPO staff, ensuring the solution of its social protection issues.

Each Member State shall have its own staff share in the EAPO in accordance with rule 9 of the Administrative regulations.

The registered shares are determined taking into account the economic potential of member states and as a percentage: for Russia – 62, Belarus – 7, Kazakhstan – 7, Azerbaijan – 4, Armenia – 4, Kyrgyzstan – 4, Moldova – 4, Tajikistan – 4, Turkmenistan – 4.

Applicants in proportion to the available share are recommended to work for the EAPO by the national patent offices of the member country. In addition, the proposed staff must have the necessary training and practical experience in the field of industrial property, organizational skills and a good command of the Russian language.

EAPO employees do not have the right to work in two places and activities that interfere with their work. In addition to scientific, educational and other creative activities.

Rule 11 of the Administrative Instruction regulates the scope of official duties of employees, as well as the obligation not to disclose and not to use confidential information after the termination of official activity.

In the case of a disputes between the EAPO and the EAPO staff, action will be taken in accordance with the labor legislation of the country where the EAPO headquarters is located. In addition, employees or former employees of the Eurasian office have the right to appeal to the Administrative Court of the International Labor Organization within the scope of official instructions or in their contracts.

World Trade Organization (WTO) 

What is WTO?

The World Trade Organization (WTO) was established on January 1, 1995 with the aim of liberalizing international trade and regulating trade and political relations between member states. The WTO was established on the basis of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which was established in 1947 and has practically played the role of an international organization for almost 50 years. But from a legal point of view, it was not an international organization. The WTO is responsible for the development and implementation of new trade agreements, as well as for the implementation of all agreements signed by most countries and approved by their parliaments. The WTO works on the basis of the conclusions reached in 1986-1994 in accordance with the Uruguay Round and other previous agreements with the WTO. Discussions and decision-making on global issues of liberalization and prospects for future development of world trade will be held in the framework of multilateral trade negotiations.

The WTO rules provide for a number of contributions for developing countries. Currently, the developing countries of the WTO have a relatively high level of protection of their markets compared to developed countries. In general, the amount of customs and tariff penalties in developed countries is relatively high, and therefore the availability of processed products from developing countries is limited. WTO rules cover only trade and economic issues. Efforts by the United States and a number of European countries to start a debate on working conditions have been rejected due to opposition from developing countries. They stated that such measures would only worsen the well-being of employees in terms of reducing the number of jobs, reducing incomes and the level of competitiveness.

The WHO is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. The head of the WTO (Director General) is Roberto Carvalhodi Azevedo, who has a staff of about 600 people.

The Republic of Tajikistan was officially admitted on March 2, 2013 as 159 members of the WTO.

The purpose and objectives of joining

Strengthening the integration process in the world economy;

Reduction of tariff and non-tariff barriers to trade in industrial and agricultural goods, further liberalization of international trade and creation of conditions for free and fair competition in the world market;

Regulation of the international trade in services and the basis of selected principles and rules, their future expansion and gradual liberalization through negotiations;

Establish an effective protection mechanism in the area of ​​commercial aspects of intellectual property rights, taking into account differences in national legal systems;

Building an effective multi-stakeholder mechanism for resolving trade disputes;

Monitoring the national trade policy of WTO member states;

Access to world markets for Tajikistan’s exports of goods and services;

Regulation of the country’s trade legislation in accordance with international norms and standards;

Creating a predictable business investment climate in the country;

Provide a “dialogue platform” for periodic multilateral trade negotiations.